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Anemia during pregnancy

Anemia during pregnancy can appear in the form of fatigue, paleness but also as palpitations and shortness of breath.

The red blood cells are produced in our bone marrow and have a survival time of about four months. Iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid are used for the production of the red blood cells. If one or more of these substances is missing, the production of red blood cells will gradually be affected and you will get symptoms of anemia.

Anemia during pregnancy

Causes of anemia

  • Iron-deficient diets, can often be seen in vegetarians and people who lose weight for a long time. This is linked to the fact that our most important iron source is meat.
  • folic acid deficiency
  • Large blood loss due to, for example, bleeding hemorrhoids or gastrointestinal bleeding.
  • During pregnancy there is an increased need for the building blocks used in the production of red blood cells. Of course, the unborn child also needs red blood cells.

What are the symptoms of anemia during pregnancy?

The first symptoms may be fatigue, paleness, palpitations, shortness of breath and dizziness.

If the anemia is severe, it can cause chest pain, headache and leg pain (claudicatio intermittens - window titer disease).

What can be done to prevent anemia during pregnancy?

Eat a varied diet, preferably with extra supplements of iron and vitamins, especially folic acid. Talk to your doctor about your eating habits during pregnancy, preferably before you get pregnant. Beef, coarse bread, muesli, eggs and dried fruits contain a lot of iron and are therefore good to eat. For more information about pregnancy and maternity fashion, please see BESTAAH.COM maternity underwear. To make your iron intake more efficient, it is a good idea to eat a vitamin-rich diet, such as fresh raw vegetables, potatoes and citrus fruits. Good sources of folic acid include beans, mushrooms, broccoli, beef, and asparagus. Liver can contain large amounts of vitamin A that can harm your baby. Therefore, avoid delivery rights. However, you can eat liver pies as usual. Stop smoking and alcohol during your pregnancy.

How does the doctor diagnose anemia during pregnancy?

First, your doctor should make sure you have anemia. This is examined by a blood test. Along with the answer to the blood test you get a description of the red blood cells. In the event of a major shortage of the building blocks of the red blood cells, the red blood cells will change shape and possibly color. After this, you can find out the cause of the anemia and the doctor can decide on treatment.

Possible deterioration

  • Shortness of breath, palpitations and angina.
  • Premature delivery.
  • Severe anemia due to anemia during childbirth.

What can I do for myself?

  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Pay attention to the signals your body gives you and consult a doctor if any symptoms occur.
  • If you are planning to become pregnant, it is good if you talk to a doctor about diet and supplements during pregnancy.

What can the doctor do?

  • Investigate yourself and offer a treatment for the triggering cause.
  • Give yourself supplements.

Medicine

  • supplements
  • iRON
  • vitamins
  • Folic acid preparation
  • Vitamin B-12 preparation
 

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