During pregnancy, the fetus is most vulnerable to
adverse effects early in pregnancy, in weeks 3–8.
Injuries that have occurred during this period can be
serious for the fetus.
Why might it be good to plan a
Fertilization usually occurs two weeks before
expected menstruation. This means that many do not know
that they are pregnant before at least two to three
weeks of pregnancy have passed. Therefore, it can be
good to act as if you were pregnant before you get it.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE FETUS
Should I change my diet?
What nutrients the child gets in itself are related
to what you eat. One-sided and unhealthy diets should
therefore be avoided. You may also be interested in
dietary supplements if you are a vegetarian or lose
For the most part, regular healthy eating is more
than enough. Extra vitamin and mineral supplements are
not needed. In fact, it can be harmful to take too much
of certain substances, such as vitamin A. For more information about pregnancy and maternity fashion, please see BESTAAH.COM maternity shirts & blouses. A dietary
supplement that should nevertheless be mentioned is
folic acid.Research has shown that low
levels of folic acid early in pregnancy increase the
risk of brain and spinal cord injury. Normal diet means
that in most cases there is enough folic acid (spinach,
broccoli, green leafy vegetables orange, milk, cereal
products and intestinal foods are rich in folic acid).
To ensure a sufficient level of folic acid, all pregnant
women are now recommended to use folic acid tablets
daily, from planning to become pregnant, or from knowing
that they are pregnant, even up to pregnancy week 12.
Among other things in the US, you have shown that this
leads to a significant reduction in the incidence of
congenital spinal hernia.
Obesity and exercise
If you have significant obesity there is a slightly
increased risk of getting pregnancy diabetes and high
blood pressure during pregnancy. However, this is
detected through regular pregnancy checks. It is not
recommended that you lose weight actively during
pregnancy. It is better to maintain a healthy diet.
Pregnants who are well-trained and in good shape
often have easier pregnancies and deliveries. Light
exercise during pregnancy is therefore recommended.
Daily walks are good workouts during pregnancy. If you
are exercising a lot, you should talk to your doctor
about an exercise program during pregnancy. Hard
exercise has not been shown to be beneficial for
pregnancy and childbirth.
Should I change some habits?
Some habits are especially bad during pregnancy:
consumption of alcohol, cigarettes or drugs. Those
planning to become pregnant should think through their
alcohol habits as alcohol can harm the fetus throughout
pregnancy, even in the period before you know you are
pregnant. The same goes for smoking and drugs.
If you have trouble stopping this during pregnancy,
it is recommended that you seek medical help or a
The effect of alcohol
The risk of alcohol damaging the fetus increases the
more often you drink and the greater the amount of
alcohol you drink. Damage that children can suffer from
alcohol during pregnancy ranges from concentration
difficulties and learning problems to brain damage and
serious developmental disorders.
Effect of smoking
Smoking can lead to miscarriage, bleeding, premature
birth and low birth weight. Low birth weight, in turn,
is associated with increased damage during birth. There
are also things that indicate that smoking increases the
risk of sudden infant death, that the child grows more
slowly and that it gets worse scores on IQ tests.
Effect of narcotic substances
Hash / marijuana, cocaine and other illegal drugs
increase the risk of miscarriage, premature birth and
congenital malformations. Some of the drugs also lead to
the baby being born with an addiction and thus
developing abstinence after birth.
Are there things at work or at home that can
interfere with pregnancy?
Care should be taken with radiation, handling of
heavy metals and certain gases during pregnancy. It has
not been shown that computer screens can produce harmful
radiation. If it should prove that the workplace may
pose a risk to your pregnancy, you can request to be
moved to more protected duties. The employer is obliged
to investigate the possibilities for this. If this is
not possible, you can request so-called pregnancy money.
Most airlines do not allow pregnant women to fly
during the last part of pregnancy, ie after week 36.
This is not because flight could pose a danger to the
fetus but because airlines do not want to risk
childbirth on board. The restrictions are stricter for
It can also be a good idea to avoid close contact
with cats during pregnancy, especially if you are
abroad. Cats can cause an infectious disease called
toxoplasmosis. The disease is very widespread in the
southern parts of Europe, but is not very common here in
Sweden. The disease is usually not dangerous to humans,
but can be harmful to the fetus if infected during
pregnancy. Infection is spread primarily through food
products that are contaminated by cat feces. If meat is
well cooked or cooked, you can avoid infection.
Are there any medicines I should avoid?
You should be careful with all medicines when you are
pregnant. In other words, this also applies to medicines
purchased without a prescription. If you are using
topical drugs for conditions such as asthma, epilepsy,
migraine or metabolic problems (low or high), you should
talk to your doctor about this.
What if I have a chronic illness?
If you have diabetes, high blood pressure or other
chronic conditions, you should discuss this with your
doctor. It is important that such illnesses are treated
extremely carefully in conjunction with pregnancies, and
it may be necessary to switch to medicines other than
those you use in normal cases.
If you are considering whether you are a carrier of
hereditary diseases, you should talk to your doctor
about this. The doctor can also tell you if there are
any special tests that are done before or during
pregnancy, to detect any errors in the fetal