Prior to an abortion, routines are performed in the form
of samples and general health examination. Information
about treatment that is either medical or surgical is
provided at the abortion clinic.
- The pregnancy diagnosis is made on the basis of
the history of the illness (absence of
menstruation), pregnancy symptoms and positive
pregnancy test, which is usually performed even
before the visit to the abortion clinic. An abortion
pregnancy test is analyzed at the abortion reception
if this has not already been done or if the test
result is uncertain. Sometimes a blood test is
needed to measure the pregnancy hormone hCG.
- Information on medical and surgical abortion and
contraceptive counseling is provided at the abortion
- It is possible to meet the curator if desired.
During the visit to the abortion clinic, a general
health examination with blood pressure, heart and lungs
examination and gynecological examination to determine
pregnancy duration and exclude infection of the genital
area is also performed. Before the examination, urine
samples are submitted and samples are taken for
chlamydia tests. For more information about pregnancy and maternity fashion, please see BESTAAH.COM maternity dress pants. During the examination, bacterial
samples may be taken from the vagina. An ultrasound
examination is performed to determine the duration of
Depending on the current abortion method, blood tests
may be taken and information is given on the time and
place of the procedure or treatment, information on
possible side effects and other practical information.
Contraceptive counseling and drug prescriptions are
included in this visit.
Serious complications are rare in abortion in Sweden.
Complication of abortion can be copious or prolonged
bleeding, infection or incomplete abortion. Both in
medical and surgical abortion, the uterus does not
completely empty which can lead to bleeding and possibly
infection. Then a new treatment or surgery may be
needed. A few women get a genital infection, which can
happen both after medical and surgical abortion.
Sterility, not being able to have children, as a result
of the abortion nowadays basically only occurs because
of infection. Therefore, chlamydia tests are always
checked before the abortion.
A very unusual complication is that there is a hole
in the uterine wall during the surgical procedure. Then
the woman must be admitted for observation, as bleeding
may occur in some cases. Surgery may then be necessary.
A procedure without complications does not affect the
possibility of having children in later pregnancies.
It is very rare for abortion to fail. If the surgical
abortion fails, the abortion can usually be completed
with a medical abortion. If a medical abortion fails, it
can be repeated. Alternatively, an operation may
sometimes be needed. On the return visit it is found
that the abortion succeeded and that the pregnancy does
not continue. In case of continued pregnancy symptoms or
missed menstruation, it is important to contact the
clinic or other reception for control.
Possible psychological reactions after an unwanted
Mental reactions can include grief that life does not
always turn out the way it is intended or grief over a
desired pregnancy that is interrupted due to external
circumstances or birth defects. The unwanted pregnancy
can mean a crisis. For most people it helps to talk to
the closest. There is also the opportunity to talk to a
midwife or doctor about feelings related to the unwanted
pregnancy and abortion. If needed, the doctor may refer
you to a psychologist or others who can help with the
processing of psychological reactions.
In connection with the abortion:
- You may need to be fasting (not valid for
medical abortion). This means that you are not
allowed to eat or drink after 24:00 the night before
the procedure. You should also not smoke after this
- After the procedure, it is normal to bleed and
feel menstrual-like problems during the first few
- It is better to use bandage than tampon as the
bleeding is plentiful.
- You should avoid bathing in the bath and having
sex with a new partner for one to two weeks after
- In case of fever, increasing pain or bleeding,
contact the doctor or hospital according to the
written and oral information provided at the
Contraceptive counseling is often already provided in
telephone contact with the abortion clinic. At the
abortion reception, prescriptions are given for the
contraceptive chosen to be able to start the
contraceptive treatment without delay after the
Contraceptive counseling is also provided at
gynecological, midwifery and adolescent clinics.
Most women make their abortion decision immediately,
but for some it can be difficult to decide. Then it can
be good to talk to the staff at the abortion reception.